Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Council
The Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Council is the upper
House of the Jammu and
Kashmir State Legislature.
The Lower House
of the State Legislature is called the Legislative Assembly. Section 46 of the
Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir provides that the
Legislature for the State shall consist of the Governor and two Houses to be
known respectively as the Legislative Assembly and the Legislative Council.
The first Legislature
of the State was established by the government of the Maharaja Hari Singh in 1934 under
Act No. 1 of 1991 (Bikrami),
which later came to be known as the Constitution Act of 1934 A.D. The
Legislature consisted of (a) the Council, comprising of the Prime Minister and
Ministers appointed by him, and (b)
the Assembly, known as Prajasabha.
Out of seventy five members of the Assembly, thirty were elected from
Constituencies and Communities specified in the Jammu
and Kashmir Assembly
Electoral Regulations while the rest forty two non-elected members included
Ministers of His Highness, and officials and persons nominated by him. In 1939,
the Maharaja promulgated the Jammu and Kashmir Constitution Act of 1996 (Bilrami) corresponding to 1939 A.D. section 13
of the 1939 Act provided for a Legislature consisting of His Highness and a
chamber to be known as Prajasabha.